Their mental health deteriorates. In comparing global data, it is the highest rate of racialised incarceration in the world. Over and over, through the post-war period, Canadians expressed this determination in elections, choosing Parliaments and Prime Ministers committed to transforming an exclusionary, white-dominated society into something much more inclusive, more humane -- an example to the world. This creates barriers to access to rehabilitation programs. How can we reduce Aboriginal incarceration rates? This was raised as a matter of urgency by Howard Sapers, the Correctional Investigator, in a Special Report to Parliament. Prisoner without prior adult imprisonment remained stable at 101. To keep us speaking truth to power, please consider donating to IA today - even a dollar will make a huge difference - or subscribe and receive all the benefits of membership. If the ways forward do not concentrate on tackling poverty and extreme poverty, then they are not ways forward and more people than ever before will be left behind. More than 500,000 Australians still living have been to prison. One of the main reasons the Indigenous incarceration rate is 13 times higher than non-Indigenous Australians is because a greater proportion of Indigenous Australians live in these low socio-economic, welfare-dependent suburbs or communities than other Australians. Nearly 100% of the children removed by child protection authorities, Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander and of Australian children in general, lived below the poverty line. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander incarceration report sets stark challenge Wednesday, 28 March 2018. The rates of incarceration tell of gruesome disparity: First Nations people being gaoled at 16 times the rate of the rest of the nation’s peoples. 5.1 Both the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Legal Services (NATSILS) and the Aboriginal Legal Service of Western Australia (ALSWA) stated that the reasons for the high imprisonment rates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons are 'well documented'. Why Are There So Many Aboriginal People in Prison? I commend the Correctional Investigator for drawing attention to these issues. Personally, I find it shocking that close to one in four inmates in the federal correctional system is an Aboriginal person. Gerry Georgatos is a suicide prevention researcher and restorative justice and prison reform expert with the Institute of Social Justice and Human Rights. The Victorian Aboriginal Affairs Framework explicitly recognises that the contemporary social and economic circumstances of Aboriginal people are inextricably linked to ongoing and previous generations’ experiences of European colonisation. 16. “Despite making up 3% of the population, First Peoples comprise 27% of the nation’s prison population, making Australia’s Indigenous incarceration rates the worst in the world.” https://t.co/6EOr1GQMsk. (both Aboriginal and Maori) inmates was exhibited in the Victorian prison system in the later part of the 19080s. Indigenous incarceration in Australia has been the subject of many thorough and well evidenced reports and reviews over the past three decades including the landmark Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody. If we are to understand the enormity of what I believe is a humanitarian crisis with far reaching generational implications, we need to understand the following. Parliament designed it as a tool to remove barriers to opportunity based on ethnic origin, skin colour, gender or disability. The intersection of poverty and incarceration is not rocket science and it is where we must focus all attention. The highest Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander imprisonment rate was recorded in Western Australia, 4,066 persons per 100,000 adult Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population — the world’s highest racialised gaoling rate. Among these are poor social conditions, including lack of literacy and English language skills, health problems, poverty and unemployment. But denying the facts doesn't make them disappear. But there are areas where we seem locked in a time-warp. He said the following: Aboriginal people are both over- and under-policed. But this Canada, the Canada I know and love, is a relatively recent entity. Nearly 100% of First Nations people who are incarcerated are from the 300,000. The great bulk of Aboriginal offenders are thus statistically doomed to a life of ongoing contact with the criminal justice system and the prison system because of the root causes of offending. According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics and Corrective Services, three states account for nearly three quarters of the total First Nations prisoner population — NSW with 28%, more than 3,200 First Nations prisoners, Queensland with 24%, more than 2,700 prisoners and Western Australia with 22%, more than 2,500 prisoners. Nearly 150,000 are children, with 18,000 having been taken away. Reasons for high Indigenous imprisonment rates Introduction. They are denied the equivalency of infrastructure, services and opportunity the rest of Australia enjoys, including remote non-Aboriginal towns. The Canada I know and love. Tackle causes of incarceration now or see Indigenous people make up majority of inmates by 2025 "What is little known is that one in nine of Aboriginal … Around half of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prison entrants link their offending to alcohol and/or substance misuse.16 18. The transformation of Canadian society did not come about by accident. The old Canada, he writes, was "a benighted, closed, xenophobic society in which minorities were barred from almost every sector of Canadian life." This is not the Canada I grew up in. Many factors contribute to the high rate of incarceration among Aboriginal Australians. This is due to aboriginals having no respect for the laws or there fellow man. 3.20Figure 3.3 below shows that the imprisonment rate for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people has increased 41% over 10 years, from 1,438 per 100,000 in 2006 to 2,039 per 100,000 persons in 2016. no. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Indigenous Australians are both convicted of crimes and imprisoned at a disproportionately high rate in Australia, as well as being over-represented as victims of crime. This recognition equally applies to Aboriginal over-representation in criminal justice. #Australia: #Indigenous #prisoners & those with #disabilities at ‘serious risk’ of abuse says Human Rights Watch .The report also states there was strong evidence of #racism towards #Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander inmates in 11 out of 14 prisons : Aboriginal women are the most vulnerable among this vulnerable group. Presently, one in 12 of Western Australia’s Aboriginal adult males are in prison and, from a racialised lens, this is the world’s highest gaoling rate. The Canadian Human Rights Act is one outcome of this endeavour. Overall, the authentic pathway to significantly reduce offending and the prison population are to lift people out of poverty, to improve life circumstances. Why Are There So Many Aboriginal People in Prison? They are twice as likely as male offenders to have a significant mental health diagnosis at time of admission, and they are far more likely than males to self-harm in prison. This crisis is especially profound in the youth context. More than 30% of inmates in Canadian prisons are Indigenous – even though aboriginal people make up just 5% of the country’s population, according … There are three related reasons: over-policing; under-policing; and the general absence of a community policing model in Indigenous communities. Australia’s First Nations peoples are gaoled at a higher rate than the Black American gaoling rate. Of the more than 500,000 living Australians who have been to prison, this indicates that thereabouts of 125,000 First Nations people have been to prison. Australia should start spending billions of dollars, long overdue, on ending disadvantage, particularly extreme poverty and on equality. 3.21The over-representation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in prison has increased fr… How can we reduce Aboriginal incarceration rates? In the very least, prisons should be restorative and places of hope, heavily invested in healing and wellbeing programs and, from there, onward with education opportunities. Help us sharpen our knuckledusters. The shocking truth of Australia's Indigenous incarcerated, The problem of Australia's Indigenous people behind bars needs to be addressed immediately (Image via twitter.com/Mediacoachasia), Power can be taken back by exposing our oppressors, Australia must build 150,000 public rental homes and end all forms of homelessness. Aboriginal people have long been over-represented in Australian prisons. Gerry Georgatos explores the reasons behind Australia's devastatingly high Indigenous imprisonment rate.. AS A PREDOMINATELY experiential researcher and journeyer to homeland communities, and having worked for more than two decades alongside the incarcerated, homeless and suicide affected, I have looked at the national prison population numbers during the last two decades, … Not only are Aboriginal women over-represented in our prisons, a disproportionate number are held in solitary confinement. Why Are There So Many Aboriginal People in Prison? The increase is most alarming in New South Wales and South Australia. These 3 say that can be changed In the June 2017 quarter 91% of young Indigenous young people were in detention compared with 76% for non-Indigenous youth. The number of Aboriginal Australians in custody has increased by 88% since 2004, while the non-Aboriginal incarceration rate has risen by 28%. There are 300,000 Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islanders living below the poverty line. The rate has increased 25 per cent for non-Aboriginal people. PLEASE DONATE NOW! They end up serving more time. Since the release of his report, Mr. Sapers has expressed concern that his calls for action are falling on deaf ears. It is almost negligible the number of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islanders who are incarcerated who were living above the poverty line. The choice has been made to remove children at devastating rates rather than to invest everything possible into lifting their families out of poverty. The further west we journey across this continent, the worse the statistical narratives, the worse the hits on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, the higher the homeless rates, the more acute the poverty, the worse the destructive behaviours, the sense of hopelessness, the depressions and clinical disorders, the higher the premature and unnatural death and suicide rates. As a result, Aboriginal women in corrections do not get paroled early if at all. Rudin addressed the issues of over- and under-policing in a paper prepared for the Ipperwash Inquiry (Rudin, 2007). Some end up serving additional sentences for crimes committed in detention. 3.13 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are disproportionately represented in Australian prison populations. Millions of Canadians would not have been able to live the lives they wish to have and are able to have (to paraphrase the language of the Act) had these barriers remained. Psychosocial impacts on families and communities not just presently but for generations unborn alarming New. Of poverty action are falling on deaf ears Canadian society did not come about by accident, is suicide! Richly deserved are 34 times more likely to return to prison and systemic discrimination in?! If at all in adult prisons reasons for aboriginal incarceration at 2,207 per 100,000 adult Aboriginal Torres... 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