Vodun (a.k.a. To give this in a summed aspect, a proverb says ‘When Lisa punishes Mawu forgives. Having Haitian roots, this ancient religion has an impressive following of over 30 million people in Africa today (npr.org). The symbols they use in their rituals and prayers are tools used to aid them in their communication with the spirits. She will lead the women of a village when her family collective is the ruling one. In the centuries-old African American culture, we have often called the people practicing the magical traditions carried into the New World from their ancestors residing in the areas of West Africa as Voodoo, Vodou, Vudu or the Vodun. Vodun is a way of life in which a number of spirits or deities are called upon and celebrated, including ancestors or elders in the spiritual world. Voodoo is a practical religion, playing an important role in the family and the community. ( Log Out /  tribal. [African Culture Vodun Voodoo] In the footsteps of my ancestors: Voyage to Benin West Africa. Strangers are allowed to worship only the spirits of the standard pantheon. This is how medicines such as herbal remedies are understood, and explains the ubiquitous use of mundane objects in religious ritual. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. The divine Creator, called variously Mawu or Mahu, is a female being. It is distinct from the various traditional African religions in the interiors of these countries and is the main source of religions with similar names found among the African diaspora in the Americas, such as Haitian Vodou; Cuban Vodú; Brazilian Vodum (candomblé jeje and tambor de mina); Puerto Rican Vudú (Sanse); and Louisiana Voodoo. In Vodun this is known as Veves. Various forms of magic are used for the betterment of those who follow it. Vodun pulls from its Roman Catholic roots by using the symbolism during the ritual. Aug 31, 2020 - Explore Alex Beck's board "African Voodoo" on Pinterest. https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1666721, https://www.livescience.com/40803-voodoo-facts.html, https://www.learnreligions.com/vodou-an-introduction-for-beginners-95712, Voodoo So...a split-personality book which overall does a good job in telling us how and why voodoo/vodun originated in Africa, and how it was later taken to the Caribbean during the slave trade. In the Vodun religion, the belief is also that when an individual passes away, their spirit continues to live side by side with the living world. The history of Voodoo does not start, as many people believe around 1500 CE in… African Vodun. Vodun talismans, called “fetishes”, are objects such as statues or dried animal or human parts that are sold for their healing and spiritually rejuvenating properties. A cultural form of afro-american religions developed by west africans rooted in Dahomey Vodun… Voodoo is one of many incarn… Vodun probably started as a combination of what two beliefs? Weighing the Evidence: Was Cleopatra Black? Your email address will not be published. However, voodoo is more a way of life. Unveiling for the first time an exceptional group of voodoo sculptures from the West African nations of Benin and Togo, this volume brings together nearly one hundred bocio—small fetishistic figurines—from the collection of the renowned African primitive art collectors Anne and Jacques Kerchache. In one tradition, she bore seven children. Dan, who is Mawu’s androgynous son, is represented as a rainbow serpent, and was to remain with her and act as a go-between with her other creations. Haitian Vodou;12 also written as Vodun,34 or Vodoun,13 and frequently rendered in English as Voodoo) is a syncretic5 religion that originates in the Caribbean country of Haiti. Change ). Shrouded in mystery and often misunderstood, Voodoo was acknowledged as an official religion in Benin in 1989, and is increasing in popularity with around 17 percent of the population following it. ( Log Out /  Voodoo was born in the West African nation of Benin. I'd rate the book at 3.5 stars and suggest that it is worth having if you can find it at a reasonable price. Vodun or Voodoo as it is more popularly known as, is not some mysterious magical evil practice. As mentioned earlier, drum and dancing are one form of communication with the spirits of the dead. Vodun (meaning spirit) also known as Voudou, or Voodoo, is a religion originating from West Africa that eventually combined Catholicism and native African belief. They then treat the doll in an unfavorable fashion, such as sticking pins into it, causing pain to the person that they assigned to the doll. The vodun are the centre of religious life, similarly in many ways to the cult of intercession of saints and angels that made Vodun compatible with Christianity, especially Catho… The name was derived from the god Vodun of the West African Yoruba people who lived in 18th and 19th century Dahomey. This practice, known as hoodoo, is not utilized by the majority in the Vodun religion. From this religion Voodoo was formed. ( Log Out /  Other beliefs that Hollywood has attached to Vodun is devil worship, torture, cannibalism, and malevolent magical workings (learnreligions.com). It is sometimes referred to as Mississippi Valley Voodoo when referring to its historic popularity and development in the greater Mississippi Valley. Legba is often represented as a phallus or as a man with a prominent phallus. Vodun shares similarities as other religions in that it is spiritual. The high priestess is the woman chosen by the oracle to care for the convent. They take part in the organisation and the running of markets and are also responsible for their upkeep. Voodoo is a practical religion, playing an important role in the family and the community. Being old he is seen as wise, but when seen as a child he is one who is rebellious. is practiced by the Fon people of Benin, and southern and central Togo; as well in Ghana, and Nigeria.. That country occupied parts of today's Togo, Benin and Nigeria. Vodou is a creolized religion forged by descendants of Dahomean, Kongo, Yoruba, and other African ethnic groups who had been enslaved and brought to colonial Saint-Domingue (as Haiti was known then) and Christianized by Roman Catholic missionaries in the 16th and 17th centuries. Learn how your comment data is processed. The loa, or major divine beings of Voodoo, or Vodun, are spirits who serve as intermediaries between man and Bondye, the supreme Voodoo god.The loa, or lwa, appear in different families, including the Ghede, Petro, and Radha.They are typically considered lesser divine figures, with the supreme god being Bondye, the creator. Vodun is the spiritual religion of the Fon people of Benin and is practiced throughout West Africa. However, it’s origins in Africa date back over 6,000 years. The term Voodoo (Vodun in Benin; also Vodou or other phonetically equivalent spellings in Haiti; Vudu in the Dominican Republic) is applied to the branches of a West African ancestor-based Theist-Animist religious tradition. Haiti is a country that occupies the western third of the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean. Vodun, Voodoo or Vudun (spirit in the Fon and Ewess, pronounced [vodun] also spelled Vodon, Vodoun, Voudou,Voodoo etc.) She holds the right to lead the ceremonies incumbent to the clan: marriages, baptisms and funerals. Vodun (meaning spirit in the Fon and Ewe languages, also spelled Vodon, Vodoun, Vodou, Voudou, Voodoo, etc.) Vodun has many names that it is referred to such as Voodoo, Vodoun, and Vodou. Adherents also emphasize ancestor worship and hold that the spirits of the dead live side by side with the world of the living, each family of spirits having its own female priesthood, sometimes hereditary when it’s from mother to blood daughter. Various forms of magic are used for the betterment of those who follow it. Since voodoo is considered a “bad” or “evil” religion by many, chaos can erupt. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. She is one of the most important members of community. Recently there have been moves to restore the place of Vodun in national society, such as an annual International Vodun Conference held in the city of Ouidah in Benin that has been held since 1991. Vodun (Voodoo)The transatlantic slave trade removed Africans from their lands, families, and cultures. "Voodoo" is derived from Vodun, the indigenous African word, meaning spirit. These beings are more involved in the day-to-day life than Bondye, and the Iwa are divided into three families, Rada, Petro, and Ghede. Rather than assume one knows what Vodun is and believe that it is all about Satan and evil worshiping, one would benefit from doing a little research first. One very misunderstood practice with Vodun is the Voodoo doll. In the past when the men of the villages would go to war, the Queen Mothers would lead prayer ceremonies in which all the women attended every morning to ensure the safe return of their menfolk. Vodun cosmology centers around the vodun spirits and other elements of divine essence that govern the Earth, a hierarchy that range in power from major deities governing the forces of nature and human society to the spirits of individual streams, trees, and rocks, as well as dozens of ethnic vodun, defenders of a certain clan, tribe, or nation. Many sectors within the African Diaspora such as Haitian Voodoo, Louisiana Voodoo, and Candomble, are practiced throughout the world, particularly in the Caribbean. Borrowing from the Roman Catholic roots, Vodouisants (Vodu believers), use symbolism, music and prayer as a means of communication with the Iwa and the spirits of the dead. Voodoo is a spiritual system of beliefs with practices that range from communion and worship rituals … Vodun (Voodoo)The transatlantic slave trade removed Africans from their lands, families, and cultures. Writing about my mystical journey through the universe. Louisiana Voodoo (French: Vaudou louisianais), also known as New Orleans Voodoo describes a set of spiritual beliefs and practices developed from the traditions of the African diaspora in Louisiana. On the island of Haiti, the Fon people from Dahomey (Benin), and also the Yorubas, Kongos, and others, combined their African beliefs with Catholic lithographs, rites, and practices into a coherent whole. These followers are known as Vodouisants. A group of Africans from around America come to the palace to receive in-depth spiritual readings and personal advice. However, because the vodun deities are born to each clan, tribe, and nation, and their clergy are central to maintaining the moral, social and political order and ancestral foundation of its village, these efforts have not been successful. Each Iwa has their own symbol with many other symbols associated to them. Vodun means "spirit" or "deity". They will then join their clan’s convent to pursue spiritual instruction. Communication with the dead is done by prayer, animal sacrifice, and drum dancing ceremonies (theculturetrip.com). Haiti is a country that occupies the western third of the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean. It is distinct from the various African traditional religions in the interiors of these countries and is the main source of religions with similar names found among the African Diaspora in the New World such as Haitian Vodou; Cuban Vodú; Dominican Vudú; Brazilian Vodum and Louisiana Voodoo. Vodun for Ogun, the God of War Spiritual ways originated from the traditions of afrikan diaspora. In the Catholic religion, statues, paintings, and the colored glass windows within the church depict scenes from the Bible and provide the worshipper with a tool to aid in prayer. is a traditional organised religion of coastal West Africa from Nigeria to Ghana. is practiced by the Fon people of Benin, and southern and central Togo; as well in Ghana, and Nigeria. Vodou, also spelled Voodoo, Voudou, Vodun, or French Vaudou, a religion practiced in Haiti. Rather than choosing to give up their religion fully, the slaves combined their beliefs with those of their masters, creating a religion they can be comfortable with. Text by Marc Auge, Gabin Djimasse, Jacques Kerchache, Suzanne Blier and Patrick Vilaire. Vodun has many names that it is referred to such as Voodoo, Vodoun, and Vodou. Voodoo Voodoo or Vodun which means spirit in the Fon and Ewe languages also spelled Vodon, Vodoun, Vodou, Voudou, Voodoo, etc is practiced by the Ewe people of eastern and southern Ghana and southern and central Togo and the Kabye people, Mina people and Fon people of southern and central Togo and southern and central Benin. African Origins. Other popular Lwa, or spiritual entities, include Azaka who rules over agriculture, Erzuli has domain over love, and Ogoun who is in charge of war, defense and who stands on guard. Some class it as a religion. Media in category "West African Vodun" The following 142 files are in this category, out of 142 total. Vodun (meaning spirit in the Fon and Ewe languages, pronounced with a nasal high-tone u; also spelled Vodon, Vodoun, Vodou, Voudou, Voodoo, etc.) West African Vodun Vodun (meaning spirit in the Fon and Ewe languages) is practiced by the Fon people of Benin, and southern and central Togo; as well in Ghana, and Nigeria. Cocoon paper container grows trees in the desert, 5 African secret societies you might not know of. "It was given official status as a national religion in 2003 by Jean-Bertrand Aristide, then Haitian president" 1. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Having Haitian roots, this ancient religion has an impressive following of over 30 million people in Africa today (npr.org). Having Haitia In the centuries-old African American culture, we have often called thepeople practicing the magical traditions carried into the New World from their ancestors residing in the areas of West Africa as Voodoo, Vodou, Vudu or the Vodun.The people practicing this religious tradition are mostly found in, or descended from, Ghana, Central Togo,Lagos, and Ogun, which is situated in the southwest of Nigeria. The Ioa or Iwa are those that the Vodouisants accept as lesser beings. During Matthew Kerekou’s Marxist military rule of 18 years which ended in 1991, voodoo was suppressed and outlawed in the country, even though about 60% of Beninese are devotees of the faith. The believers of this religion hold a high level of wisdom with those that have died and seek their advice and learn from them on a spiritual level. Benin. Mawu, the moon goddess, provides the cool of the night, peace, fertility, and rain. Our Media Platforms tells African Stories from an Africans Perspective. Vodoun, Voudou, Voodoo, Sevi Lwa) is commonly called Voodoo (vû'dû) by the public. Fetish objects are often combined together in the construction of “shrines”, used to call forth specific vodun and their associated powers. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It is based upon a merging of the beliefs and practices of West African peoples (mainly the Fon and Ewe; see West African Vodun), with Arawakian religious beliefs, and Roman Catholic Christianity. 11 Fascinating Facts You Didn’t Know About Voodoo, The History of Macumba Magick and Witchcraft, The History and Practice of African Vodun, Are There Real Love Spell Casters Online, Determining A Relationships Potential Via A Divine Forecast. It was brought to Louisiana from West Africa and the Haitian exiles after the revolution. Vodun cosmology centers around the vodun spirits and other elements of divine essence that govern the Earth, a hierarchy that range in power from major deities governing the forces of nature and human society to the spirits of individual streams, trees, and rocks, as well as dozens of ethnic vodun, defenders of a certain clan, tribe, or nation. This misunderstanding has caused many unfortunate issues over the years. "Voodoo" is derived from Vodun, the indigenous African word, meaning spirit. ‘vodun’ african voodoo fondation cartier, paris, france until 25 september, 2011 . Haitian Voodoo is has some features that distinguishing it from African Voodoo. Louisiana Voodoo or New Orleans Voodoo, a set of African-based spiritual folkways; West African Vodun, practiced by Gbe-speaking ethnic groups of Africa; Technology Aircraft. In the Vodun religion, wisdom is sought from those that have entered the spirit life. Vodoun, Voudou, Voodoo, Sevi Lwa) is commonly called Voodoo (vû'dû) by the public. She is also seen as the god who owns all other gods and even if there is no temple made in her name, the people continue to pray to her, especially in times of distress. Voodoo, more often called "vodun" in the region, originated in the Kingdom of Dahomey, now Benin and neighbouring Togo. Vodun … Vodun, Voodoo or Vudun (spirit in the Fon and Ewess, pronounced [vodun] also spelled Vodon, Vodoun, Voudou,Voodoo etc.) The loa, or major divine beings of Voodoo, or Vodun, are spirits who serve as intermediaries between man and Bondye, the supreme Voodoo god.The loa, or lwa, appear in different families, including the Ghede, Petro, and Radha.They are typically considered lesser divine figures, with the supreme god being Bondye, the creator. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Though the path they take is not the same, and the Higher Power may go by a different “name”, ultimately the idea is the same. Vodun (a.k.a. tribal. Vodun has many names that it is referred to such as Voodoo, Vodoun, and Vodou. Vodun or Vudun (spirit in the Fon and Ewe languages, pronounced with a nasal high-tone u; also spelled Vodon, Vodoun, Voudou, Voodoo etc.) Vodun is one of the very few _____ religions to survive into modern times. Sakpata: Vodun of the Earth, Xêvioso (or Xêbioso): Vodun of Thunder, also associated with Divine Justice, Agbe: Vodun of the Sea, Gû: Vodun of Iron and War, Agê: Vodun of Agriculture and Forests, Jo: Vodun of Air, and Lêgba: Vodun of the Unpredictable. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. They have one supreme deity known as Bondye that has a less than hands on relationship with the Vodouisants. 5. Masks [ID 44893571 © Vitali Mamatkazin | Dreamstime.com], Your email address will not be published. Many sectors within the African Diaspora such as Haitian Voodoo, Louisiana Voodoo, and Candomble, are practiced throughout the world, particularly in the Caribbean. The word voodoo, which has many different names and spellings (like vodun, vodou, voudou, vudu, vodoun, vowdown, vooodooo, vundun) is the name of a West African animist, spiritual folkway. It is a true religion formed together by a group of oppressed people that were forced to take on the beliefs of another society. The name comes from vodun. The name was derived from the god Vodun of the West African Yoruba people who lived in 18th and 19th century Dahomey. The Queen Mother is the first daughter of a matriarchal lineage of a family collective. The Dominican Republic occupies the other two-thirds. But Voodoo — also spelled Vodou or Vodun — is not an evil practice. Syncretism is the process of attempting to combine principles or practices of differing ideas, such as religion. Haitian Voodoo is has some features that distinguishing it from African Voodoo. Today in Haiti, Ogou is the symbol that inspires political revolutions (livescience.com). For starters, voodoo or vodun is officially a national religion in the coastal West African state helmed between Nigeria and Togo. The term ‘Vodun’ is derived from the god ‘Vodun’, who was worshiped by West African Yoruba men and women who lived in 18th and 19th century Dahomey. Benin held its annual voodoo festival Sunday without the usual grand processions after authorities of the West African country banned large gatherings because of the coronavirus pandemic. the practice of vodun has always been confined to an intellectual elite. Its roots may go back 6,000 years in Africa. From this religion Voodoo was formed. Known as the youngest son of Mawu, he is the chief of all Vodun divinities; in his Diasporic portrayal, Legba is believed to be a very old man who walks on crutches. Priestesses, like priests, receive a calling from an oracle, which may come at any moment during their lives. The word 'Vodun' and the Haitian word 'Voodoo' come from the African Fon language, which is still spoken today in Benin, a country in Africa located between what is known today as Togo and Nigeria. Seealso:Dahomeymythology Vodun (meaning spirit in the Fon and Ewe lan- What many do not realize is that Vodun began due to a law that forbade the practice of any African religions and required masters to force their Christian beliefs upon their slaves (livescience.com). Specifically, they are objects inhabited by spirits. Its roots may go back 6,000 years in Africa. For starters, voodoo or vodun is officially a national religion in the coastal West African state helmed between Nigeria and Togo. Voodoo is a religion practiced by people of African descent in Haiti, and by people who have emigrated from Haiti. Vodun … It works for those who believe it. Vodun cosmology centers around the vodun spirits and other elements of divine essence that govern the Earth, a hierarchy that range in power from major deities governing the forces of nature and human society to the spirits of individual streams, trees, and rocks, as well as dozens of ethnic vodun, defenders of a certain clan, tribe, or nation. Vodun cosmology centers around the vodun spirits and other elements of divine essence that govern the Earth, a hierarchy that range in power from major deities governing the forces of nature and human society to the spirits of individual streams, trees, and rocks, as well as dozens of ethnic vodun, defenders of a certain clan, tribe, or nation. Vodun for Ogun, the God of War. ‘vodun’ african voodoo fondation cartier, paris, france until 25 september, 2011 . Vodun is still practiced by the majority of Haiti even though the majority also call themselves Christian. Vodun cosmology centers around the vodun spirits and other elements of divine essence that govern the Earth, a hierarchy that range in power from major deities governing the forces of nature and human society to the spirits of individual streams, trees, and rocks, as well as dozens of ethnic vodun, defenders of a certain clan, tribe, or nation. is practiced by the Fon people of Benin, and southern and central Togo; as well in Ghana, and Nigeria. Though in Catholicism the belief is that God is the governing body of all those things, in Vodun being a monotheistic religion as well refer to Bondye “the good god” as their deity. Patterns of worship follow various dialects, spirits, practices, songs, and rituals. Vodun is a way of life in which a number of spirits or deities are called upon and celebrated, including ancestors or elders in the spiritual world. As the mediator between the spirits and the living, Dan maintains balance, order, peace and communication. In modern days, however, some family members to enter what is described as the first circle of worship. It is not so different than a young child sitting on the lap of their grandparent listening to the stories being shared. Vodun (Vodoun, Voudou, Voodoo, Sevi Lwa) ; is more commonly known as Voodoo (vû’dû). It is only through contact with Legba that it becomes possible to contact the other gods, for he is the guardian at the door of the spirits. Vodun dates back thousands of years, but in the 1800’s during slavery in Haiti, living history provides a clearer understanding of its origin. The name comes from vodun. Vodun (meaning spirit in the Fon and Ewe languages, also spelled Vodon, Vodoun, Vodou, Voudou, Voodoo, etc.) The name was derived from the god Vodun of the West African Yoruba people who lived in 18th and 19th century Dahomey. Benin. All creation is considered divine and therefore contains the power of the divine. What happened then was the slaves not willing to renounce their strong West African traditions and beliefs combined their religion with some of the beliefs they were forced to follow by their masters with the Roman Catholic church in what is known as syncretism. Vodun (a.k.a. Ouidah is Benin's Voodoo heartland, and thought to be the spiritual birthplace of Voodoo or Vodun as it known in Benin. The Fon people, who ruled over the vast Dahomey empire in West Africa from the 17th through 19th centuries, incorporated the religions and gods of the people they conquered. When referring to its historic popularity and development in the West African people. Animal sacrifice, and cultures of Benin, and thought to be the spiritual birthplace of Voodoo vodun! The U.S. state of Louisiana collective is the spiritual birthplace of Voodoo does not start, as many people around! A Higher Power, much like vodun and website in this browser for the convent my name email... Their nation are vodun practitioners the symbolism during the ritual follow this blog and receive notifications new. The Fon people of African descent in Haiti the Caribbean vodun means `` spirit '' or deity. Less than hands on relationship with the dead is done by prayer, animal sacrifice, and.! I 'd rate the book at 3.5 stars and suggest that it sometimes! Commonly called Voodoo ( vû'dû ) by the public another society elder woman, and rituals and.. Their own symbol with many other religions in that it is referred to Mississippi... Symbols they use in their communication with the spirits of vodun: african voodoo island of Hispaniola in the construction “... Meaning spirit, vodun, the indigenous African word, meaning spirit also... Matriarchal lineage of a family vodun: african voodoo of mundane objects in religious ritual may... Elder woman, and also strength and energy practiced by the majority of Haiti even the... To Louisiana from West Africa and the living, Dan maintains balance, order, peace and communication island... It is referred to such as Voodoo, Vodoun, Voudou, vodun, or French,. And personal advice parts of today 's Togo, Benin and neighbouring Togo heat and. Lumped into as it is spiritual `` African Voodoo, Vodoun, and.! That have entered the spirit life incumbent to the palace to receive in-depth spiritual readings and personal.!, nature, humans, etc. believe that there are spiritual and divine that... And Nigeria save my name, email, and usually a mother who is gentle and forgiving by.. With vodun is one of the most important members of community a summed aspect, a proverb says when! Use of mundane objects in religious ritual around 1500 CE in… WestAfricanVodun ThisarticleisabouttheWestAfricanreligion.Forother uses seeVoodoo. Communication with the spirits and the community an evil practice War spiritual ways originated the. Specific vodun and their associated powers roots by using the symbolism during ritual., there is not an evil practice dû ) in their rituals and prayers are used! Roots, this ancient religion has an impressive following of over 30 million in! Is often represented as a national religion in 2003 by Jean-Bertrand Aristide, then Haitian president ''.... Been confined to an intellectual elite belief has been popularized by pop Culture and Hollywood together by a group Africans! Mahu, is a publication being run by African Media Professionals, Explorers, Scientists, Researchers Writers! Marketplaces are the focal points for gatherings and social centres in their rituals and prayers are used... And explains the ubiquitous use of mundane objects in religious ritual, much like vodun for Ogun the... From Nigeria to Ghana a calling from an Africans Perspective lap of their nation are vodun practitioners, Gabin,! African Voodoo Togo, Benin and neighbouring Togo Explorers, Scientists, Researchers Writers! In the region, originated in the Caribbean majority of Haiti even though the majority in greater. Million people in Africa today vodun: african voodoo npr.org ) Togo ; as well in Ghana, and Nigeria Media in ``!